An example of using the Panini software perspective tool to adjust a normal wide angle photo taken from low down and close up.  

photo by Simon Plant

Something like the Panini image might have been possible with a view camera, if the the lens had a wide enough image circle and enough depth of field.  But to duplicate it exactly the film plane would also have to be curved -- the perspective distortion of the nearby column is mild compared to what one would expect from a view camera. (Yes, the far end of the front of the palace really does lean to the left.)